Codeine

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HOW TO USE
 
Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. Pain medications work best when taken at the fir...

HOW TO USE
 
Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. Pain medications work best when taken at the first signs of pain. If you wait until the pain has worsened, the medication may not work as well. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. For children, the dosage is also based on weight. If so directed by your doctor, you may also use long-acting narcotic medications for ongoing pain. In that case, this medication might be used when needed for sudden attacks of "breakthrough" pain. Also follow your doctor's or pharmacist's instructions for the safe use of non-narcotic pain relievers (e.g., acetaminophen, ibuprofen). Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions about your treatment.

SIDE EFFECTS 

Nausea commonly occurs with the use of codeine and usually goes away after the first few doses. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about ways to decrease nausea (e.g., antihistamines, taking with food, lying down for 1-2 hours with as little head movement as possible).
Lightheadedness, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, flushing, vomiting, constipation, and sweating may also occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
To prevent constipation, maintain a diet adequate in fiber, drink plenty of water, and exercise. If you become constipated while using this drug, consult your pharmacist for help in selecting a laxative (such as stimulant-type with stool softener).
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any serious side effects, including: mental/mood changes (such as agitation, restlessness), fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, vision changes, severe stomach/abdominal pain, change in the amount of urine.
Get medical help right away if you have any very serious side effects, including: fainting, seizures.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

Drug interactions may change how your medications work or increase your risk for serious side effects. This document does not contain all possible drug interactions. Keep a list of all the products you use (including prescription/nonprescription drugs and herbal products) and share it with your doctor and pharmacist. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicines without your doctor's approval.
Some products that may interact with this drug include: certain pain medications (mixed narcotic agonist-antagonists such as butorphanol/nalbuphine), narcotic antagonists (such as naltrexone).
The risk of serious side effects (such as slow/shallow breathing, severe drowsiness/dizziness) may be increased if this medication is taken with other products that may also affect breathing or cause drowsiness. Therefore, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking other products such as alcohol, medicine for sleep or anxiety (such as alprazolam, diazepam, zolpidem), muscle relaxants, and other narcotic pain relievers (such as morphine).

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